During this blessed month of Shahru Ramadan, we will meditate upon various Surahs of the Quran Majid, so that we can become closer to our holy book, during its month of revelation.

In our previous meditation, we introduced why Surah An-Nas is important, as it is a Surah in which Allah (SWT) is speaking directly to us, the people. In this meditation, we will, in sha Allah, understand what exactly Allah (SWT) is telling us.

Qul awoozo birab bin nas.

Allah (SWT) begins this surah with the word Qul, which we find is how many other ayats throughout the Quran Majid also begin. By saying Qul, Allah (SWT) is making Rasulullah (SAW) the intermediary between us and him, as Allah (SWT) is not telling us directly but telling Muhammad (SAW) to tell us and, in this Surah specifically, is telling Rasulullah (SAW) to tell us to seek refuge in our ‘rubb’.

Allah (SWT) has 99 names and in order to understand the true meanings of this Surah, we need to understand why Allah (SWT) chose to use the names that he chose and what attributes they each represent.

Allah (SWT) chose to use the name ‘rubb’ as this means lord. When someone owns their home, they are the lord of their home. Likewise, Allah (SWT) chose to tell Rasulullah (SAW) to tell us that we must seek refuge in the one who owns us, who owns every cell in our body, every heartbeat, every action and is the one who has revealed his mercy to us and guided us towards his true path.

Finally, Allah (SWT) connects his name to us (birab bin nas) and when Allah (SWT), the greatest of all, is connecting his name to us, he will never connect it to the worst amongst us, but only to the best, to Rasulullah (SAW). Therefore, Allah (SWT) is telling Rasulullah (SAW) to tell us that Muhammad (SAW) must seek refuge in his lord, and we must as well.

Male kin nas.

In the second aya, Allah (SWT) uses a different name to attribute a different quality. Here, Allah (SWT) tells Rasulullah (SAW) and us to seek refuge in your king. In order to understand this aya, we need to understand the difference between a lord and a king.

The lord is higher than the king as the lord owns everything, whilst the king is the highest authority. After lordship is kingship and every issue must go back to the king. Whereas the lord owns everything, the king takes care of everything, so in this aya, Allah (SWT) is supporting the first aya by saying that he not only owns us but takes care of us. Whereas the lord (the owner) has long-term ownership, the king has responsibility over the day to day activities and responsibility.

Ilah hin nas.

In the third aya, Allah (SWT) tells us to seek refuge in the God of mankind. This completes the three levels that Allah (SWT) has over us, lordship, kingship and godship.

Not every lord is a king and no king is a god, which emphasises Allah’s (SWT) unique position and why we must only seek refuge in him.

Now that we understand that we must seek refuge in Allah (SWT), we must ask what do we need to seek refuge from?

Min share waswasil kanas.

Allah (SWT) first warns us to seek refuge from the evil of the retreating whisperer, who is Shaitan (LA). The most important word in this aya is retreating, as when we understand who the Shaitan (LA) retreats from, we know how to protect ourselves from the evil of Iblees (LA).

When we remember Allah (SWT), the Shaitan (LA) retreats. When we forget Allah (SWT), the Shaitan (LA) comes close and whispers to us and calls us towards his evil, by making it seem good, and to his mischief, by making it seem beautiful.

How does Shaitan (LA) do this?

Al-lazee yuwusweso fi sudu rin nas.

The Shaitan (LA) whispers evil into our heart, not our ear. Whereas anyone can whisper into our ear, only those who truly know us can affect our heart. The Shaitan (LA) knows what affects us, what worries us and what we desire in our hearts. He knows our weaknesses. His (LA) whispering will be composed of those things, so that his affect is higher, our worry increases and the wrong desires that we might have strengthen.

This is why we must never underestimate the Shaitan (LA) as his impact upon us is greater than we can imagine.

Finally, how does Shaitan (LA) whisper to our heart? Is it just him?

Minul jinate wan nas

In this aya, Allah (SWT) tells us that the whisper of Shaitan (LA) can come from any person or spirit. Just as the Shaitan (LA) can tell us do something evil, another person, even a friend or family member, can also tell you to do something wrong or evil, as well.

Therefore, by seeking refuge in Allah (SWT), we are not only protected from Shaitan (LA), but from other people and spirits as well.

May Allah (SWT) help us to seek refuge in our lord, our king and our God so that the Shaitan (LA) stays away and he cannot whisper to our heart nor can he impact us through any other person or spirit. May we always keep Allah (SWT) close to us, so that the Shaitan (LA) always retreats from us. Aamin.

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